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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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HEINE, EPHRAIM VEITEL – See Ephraim, Veitel-Heine.
HEINE, GUSTAV, FREIHERR VON GELDERN – Austrian publicist; born June 18, 1812, at Düsseldorf; died Nov. 15, 1886, at Vienna; brother of Heinrich Heine. On completing his preliminary education at Hamburg he studied at the universities of Halle and Göttingen. He first...
HEINE, HEINRICH – German lyric poet and essayist; born at Düsseldorf Dec. 13, 1797; died in Paris Feb. 17, 1856; son of Samson Heine and Betty von Geldern. Though named after his father's brother Hertz, he was chiefly influenced in his early days...
HEINE, MAXIMILIAN – German physician; youngest brother of Heinrich Heine; born at Düsseldorf (1805 according to Embden; Strodtmann gives 1807); died at Berlin Nov. 6, 1879. He was educated at the gymnasia of Düsseldorf and Lüneburg and at the...
HEINE, SOLOMON – German merchant and philanthropist; born in Hanover 1767; died in Hamburg Dec. 26, 1844. Going to Hamburg when he was sixteen and practically penniless, by 1797 he had become one of the chief members of the banking firm of...
HEINEFETTER, KLARA (Madame Stöckl) – German singer; born at Mayence Feb. 17, 1816; died at Vienna Feb. 24, 1857. In 1829 she accompanied her eldest sister, Sabine, to Paris, where the latter sang at the Italian opera with Sontag and Malibran. Malibran made a deep...
HEINEFETTER, SABINE – German soprano opera-singer; born Aug. 19, 1809, at Mayence; died insane Feb. 18, 1872, at Illenau, Baden. Beginning life as a strolling harpist, she was noticed by a Frankfort musician, who instructed her in music. She...
HEINEMANN, HEINRICH – German actor; born at Bischofsburg, East Prussia, Sept. 15, 1842. After graduating from the Friedrich-Wilhelm gymnasium, Berlin, he went on the stage, making his début in Breslau in 1864. After a short stay at Flensburg he acted...
HEINEMANN, JEREMIAH – German author; born at Sandersleben July 20, 1778; died in Berlin Oct. 16, 1855; son of Rabbi Joachim Heinemann. In 1808 he was appointed secular member of the consistory of Westphalia. On the dissolution of that body he acted...
HEIR – See Inheritance.
HEITLER, MORITZ – Austrian physician; born at Korompa, Hungary, March 21, 1847. He was educated at the gymnasia at Hódmezö-Vásárhely and Szegedin, and at the University of Vienna (M.D. 1871). From 1871 to 1876 he was assistant physician at the...
HEKAL – See Ark of the Law; Temple.
HEKAL HA-'IBRIYYAH – See Periodicals.
HEKALOT RABBATI; HEKALOT ZUṬARTI – Two mystic writings attributed to Ishmael ben Elisha; indiscriminately referred to by the various names of "Sefer Hekalot," "Pirḳe Hekalot," "Pirḳe Rabbi Yishmael," "Pirḳe Merkabah," "Ma'aseh Merkabah," "Hilkot Merkabah." They...
HEḲDESH – Hebrew name for an asylum or a hospital; found in many medieval Jewish documents (see Charity; Jew. Encyc. v. 71, s.v. Egypt; and comp. Bédarride, "Les Juifs en France," p. 137). Its origin goes back to pre-Christian times (see...
HEKSCHER, EPHRAIM BEN SAMUEL SANVEL – President of the Jewish congregation at Altona at the beginning of the eighteenth century. He was the author of: "Dibre Ḥakamim we-Ḥidotam," giving the sources and interpretations of many rabbinical laws (Altona, 1743); "Adne...