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JACOB BEN ABRAHAM FAITUSI – Tunisian scholar; died at Algiers July, 1812. He settled in the later part of his life at Jerusalem, whence he was sent as a collector of alms to Italy and Algeria. He was the author of "Berit Ya'aḳob" (Leghorn, 1800), the...
JACOB BAR AḤA – 1. Palestinian amora of the third generation (latter part of the third century); contemporary of R. Ze'era. He rarely gives opinions of his own, but repeats halakot and homiletic remarks in the names of earlier authorities. In...
JACOB BEN AMRAM – Polemical writer of the seventeenth century. He wrote in 1634, in Latin, a book against the religion of the Christians, with the Hebrew title "Sha'ar Emet" ("Porta Veritatis"). He borrows largely from Manasseh ben Israel, but...
JACOB BEN ASHER – German codifier and Biblical commentator; died at Toledo, Spain, before 1340. Very little is known of Jacob's life; and the few glimpses caught here and there are full of contradictions. According to Menahem b. Zerah ("Ẓedah...
JACOB (ABERLE, ABRIL) BENEDICT (BENET) – Rabbi at Alt-Ofen at the beginning of the nineteenth century; son of Mordecai b. Abraham Benet (Marcus Benedict). Jacob was the author of "Toledot Mordekai Benet" (Alt-Ofen, 1832). The first part contains a biography, and the...
JACOB BEN BENJAMIN ZEEB SAK – Page from the First Edition of Jacob ben Asher's "Arba' Ṭurim," Piove di Sacco, 1475.(In the Library of Columbia University, New York.)Lithuanian Talmudist; born in the first half of the seventeenth century at Wilna, Russia;...
JACOB, BENNO – German rabbi and Biblical scholar; born at Breslau Sept. 8, 1862; educated at the gymnasium, the university, and the theological seminary of his native town (Ph.D. 1889). Since 1891 Jacob has been rabbi at Göttingen.Among his...
JACOB BERAH DE-BAT SAMUEL – Mari b. Rachel b. Samuel. See under Gaon; Mar.
JACOB BAR BERATEH DE-ELISHA AḤER – See Jacob, 1.
JACOB ÇADIQUE (ẒADDIḲ) – Spanish physician and writer; born at Ucles in the second third of the fourteenth century. He devoted himself to the study of medicine, and became body-physician to D. Lorenzo Suarez de Figueroa, Maestre de Santiago, from whom...
JACOB OF CHINON – French tosafist; lived about 1190-1260. He was a pupil of Isaac ben Abraham of Dampierre and a teacher of Perez of Corbeil. His two brothers were Nathanael, "the Holy," and Eliezer ben Joseph, "the Martyr," both Talmudical...
JACOB OF CORBEIL – French tosafist of the twelfth century. He was the brother of Judah of Corbeil, author of tosafot to various treatises of the Talmud. He is sometimes confounded with Jacob ha-Levi, "the Pious," of Marvège or Marvéjols (Lozère,...
JACOB OF COUCY – French tosafist of the thirteenth century; mentioned in tosafot to Ḳiddushin (43b, 67a), by Mordecai, and in Joseph Colon's "She'elot u-Teshubot" (No. 47, Venice, 1579).Bibliography: Gross, Gallia Judaica, p. 556;...
JACOB BEN DAVID PROVENÇAL – French Talmudist of the fifteenth century; not to be confounded with the astronomer Jacob ben David ben Yom-Ṭob Po'el, called "Sen Bonet Bongoron (or Bonjorn) of Perpignan" (14th cent.). Jacob lived at Marseilles, where he was...
JACOB B. ELEAZAR – Spanish grammarian of the first third of the thirteenth century. The assumption that he lived in the first third of the twelfth century (Geiger's "Jüd. Zeit." xi. 235; Grätz, "Gesch." 3d ed., vi. 110; Winter and Wünsche,...
JACOB B. ELIEZER – See Temerls, Jacob.
JACOB BEN EPHRAIM – Syrian Talmudist of the tenth century. From Salmon b. Jeroham's commentary to Psalms (cxl. 6) it appears that Jacob b. Ephraim wrote a commentary to the Jerusalem Talmud. He is especially mentioned by the Karaite Joseph...
JACOB BEN EPHRAIM OF LUBLIN – Polish rabbi; died in Lublin 1648. At first he occupied the post of rabbi and instructor at the yeshibah of that city, whence he was called to officiate as rabbi in Brest. There he entertained in 1631 R. Yom-Ṭob Lipman Heller,...
JACOB OF FULDA – See Jacob ben Mordecai.
JACOB THE GALILEAN – Son of the Judah who caused an uprising against the Romans at the time of the taxation under Quirinius. Jacob followed his father's example, and together with his brother Simeon also rebelled against the Romans. The procurator...
JACOB GEBULAAH (GEBULAYA) – Palestinian scholar of the third century; disciple of Johanan (Yer. Yeb. viii. 9b). He seems also to have sat at the feet of Ḥanina b. Ḥama, for he reports thelatter's halakot and haggadot, and this even in the presence of...
JACOB B. GERSHOM HA-GOZER – German Talmudist of the twelfth century. He was a nephew of Ephraim b. Jacob of Bonn, with whom he carried on a scientific correspondence; he had also personal relations with Eliezer b. Joel ha-Levi. As far as is known, Jacob...
JACOB THE GNOSTIC – See James (the Just).
JACOB BEN HANANEEL SEKILI – Bible commentator and cabalist; lived in the fourteenth century. He was the author of "Minḥat ha-Bikkurim," the first part of which, "Torat ha-Minḥah," is still extant in manuscript (Neubauer, "Cat. Bodl. Hebr. MSS." Nos....
JACOB BEN ḤAYYIM BEN ISAAC IBN ADONIJAH – Masorite and printer; born about 1470 at Tunis (hence sometimes called Tunisi); died before 1538. He left his native country in consequence of the persecutions that broke out there at the beginning of the sixteenth century....