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JACOB B. IMMANUEL PROVENÇAL – See Bonet de Lates.
JACOB, ISRAEL – German banker and philanthropist; born April 14, 1729, at Halberstadt; died Nov. 25, 1803. He was widely respected for his philanthropy, which he did not confine to his own coreligionists. He was court agent to the Duke of...
JACOB BEN ISRAEL HA-LEVI – Rabbi of Zante; died on that island in 1634. He was a native of Morea, Greece, and passed the earlier part of his life at Salonica, where he studied under the direction of Aaron Ḥaṣun. Later he was called to the rabbinate of...
JACOB B. JACOB HA-KOHEN – Spanish cabalist of the end of the thirteenth century; born at Soria; buried at Segovia; also called Gikatilla, according to Jellinek ("Beiträge zur Gesch. der Kabbala," ii. 49). The cabalist Isaac ha-Kohen of Béziers was his...
JACOB BEN JACOB MOSES OF LISSA – German Talmudist; died in Stryj, Galicia, May 25, 1832. He was a great-grandson of Ẓebi Ashkenazi and a pupil of Meshullam Eger. Jacob was ab bet din in Kalisz and afterward in Lissa, and is usually quoted as Jacob of Lissa or...
JACOB BEN JEKUTHIEL – French Talmudic scholar; born at Rouen; died at Arras in 1023. Jacob became known by the fact that he was the bearer of a petition to Pope John XVII. praying him to stop the persecution of the Jews in Lorraine (1007). These...
JACOB BEN JEREMIAH MATTITHIAH HA-LEVI – German translator of the seventeenth century. He translated into Judæo-German Abraham Jagel's "Leḳaḥ Ṭob" (Amsterdam, 1675; Wilmersdorf, 1714; Jesnitz, 1719) and the "Sefer ha-Yashar" (under the title "Tam we-Yashar";...
JACOB BEN JOEL – Russian rabbi in Brest-Litovsk in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. He wrote: "She'erit Ya'aḳob," containing ḥiddushim on the Pentateuch, on the Five Megillot, and on some Talmudic haggadot (Altona, 1727). See...
JACOB BEN JOSEPH ISRAEL – French scholar; lived at Pont-Audemer in the twelfth century; pupil of Jacob Tam, with whom he carried on a correspondence ("Sefer ha-Yashar," pp. 77-78; Tos. to Ket. 98b), and of Samuel b. Meïr ("Teshubot Rabbane Ẓarfat," No....
JACOB JOSHUA BEN ẒEBI HIRSCH – Polish rabbi; born at Cracow in 1680; died at Offenbach Jan. 16, 1756. On his mother's side he was a grandson of Joshua of Cracow, the author of "Maginne Shelomoh." While a youth Jacob became examiner of the Hebrew teachers of...
JACOB JUDAH ARYEH LEON – See Leon.
JACOB BEN JUDAH ḤAZZAN OF LONDON – English codifier of the thirteenth century. His grandfather was one Jacob he-Aruk (possibly Jacob le Long). In 1287 Jacob wrote "'Eẓ Ḥayyim," a ritual code in two parts, containing sixty and forty-six sections respectively,...
JACOB BEN JUDAH LÖB – Polish rabbi; lived in the second half of the eighteenth century. Educated as a Talmudist, he became rabbi of Krasnopolie, government of Suwalki. He wrote "Peduyot Ya'aḳob," an index to the halakot and subjects of the Shulḥan...
JACOB, JULIUS – German landscape- and portrait-painter; born in Berlin April 25, 1811; died there Oct. 20, 1882. He studied under Wach at the Düsseldorf Kunstakademie, and under Delaroche in Paris. Having completed his studies at the latter...
JACOB OF KEFAR HANAN (ḤANIN) – Palestinian amora of the third generation (3d and 4th cent.). Jacob is especially known as a haggadist (Pesiḳ. iv. 30b; Gen. R. xxxii. 5; Yer. Ber. v. 2; Yer. Ta'an. i. 1), but most of his haggadic sayings have been transmitted...
JACOB OF KEFAR ḤIṬṬAYA – Palestinian scholar of the second century; contemporary of Judah I. Jacob is said to have been in the habit of visiting his teacher every day (Ḥag. 5b). Heilprin ("Seder ha-Dorot," ii.) concluded that he was a pupil of Akiba and...
JACOB OF KEFAR NEBURAYA – Judæo-Christian of the fourth century. Neburaya is probably identical with Nabratain, a place to the north of Safed, where, according to Schwarz ("Tebu'at ha-Areẓ," p. 103a), is the tomb of Jacob as well as that of Eleazar of...
JACOB OF KEFAR SEKANYA (SIMAÏ) – Judæo-Christian of the first century; mentioned on two occasions, in both Talmuds and in the Midrash. Meeting R. Eliezer in the upper market-place of Sepphoris, he asked him for an opinion on a curious ritualistic question...