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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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LOVE – The deep affection by which one person feels closely drawn to another and impelled to give up much, or do much, for him without regard of self.—Biblical Data: While the word , like the Greek ἀγάπη, denotes also sensual love...
LOVE-FEAST – See Agape.
LOVEMAN, ROBERT – American poet; born at Cleveland, Ohio, April 11, 1864; educated and now (1904) residing at Dalton, Ga.; M.A., University of Alabama. He has published the following volumes of verse, which have won for him recognition from...
LÖVINSON, ERMANNO – German historian; born in Berlin June 3, 1863; educated at Berlin University (Ph.D. 1888). Since 1889 he has lived in Italy, and since 1895 has been assistant archivist of the royal state archives at Rome.Lövinson's published...
LOVY, ISRAEL – French cantor and synagogal composer; born near Danzig Sept., 1773; died in Paris Jan. 7, 1832. He received a Talmudic and secular education at Glogau, where his father was ḥazzan. Lovy traveled extensively, visiting the...
LOW, A. MAURICE – Anglo-American writer; born in London July 14, 1860. Educated at King's College School in that city, and afterward in Austria, he devoted himself to journalism. Since 1888 he has been correspondent at Washington, D. C., for the...
LÖW, ASHER BEN ARYEH LÖB – Chief rabbi of Carlsruhe; born at Minsk in 1754; died at Carlsruhe July 23, 1837. He studied under his father, Aryeh Löb, rabbi of Metz; and when the latter had become blind he assisted him in conducting his yeshibah or...
LÖW, BENJAMIN WOLF – Polish-Hungarian rabbi; born in Wodzislaw, government of Kielce, Poland, 1775; died at Verbo, Hungary, March 6, 1851. His father, Eleazar Löw, instructed him in Talmudic literature, and at an early age he became rabbi of a...
LöW, LEOPOLD – Hungarian rabbi; born at Czernahora, Moravia, May 22, 1811; died at Szegedin Oct. 13, 1875. He received his preliminary education at the yeshibot of Trebitsch, Kolin, Leipnik, and Eisenstadt (1824-35), and then studied...
LöW, MORITZ – Astronomer; born at Mako, Hungary, in 1841; died in Steglitz, Berlin, May 25, 1900; studied at the universities of Leipsic and Vienna, and received his Ph.D. degree from the University of Budapest (1867). After graduating he...
LÖW, SAMUEL – Talmudist; son of Naṭe ( = Nathan) ha-Levi; born at Kolin, Bohemia, about 1720; died May 20, 1806, at Boskowitz, Moravia, where for nearly sixty years he had presided over a yeshibah. He wrote: "Maḥaẓit ha-Sheḳel," an extensive...
LÖWE, AUGUST – Russian mathematician and author of mathematical works. Of his books the best known are: "Obscheponyatnaya Teoriya Perspectivy," 1858; "Obscheponyatnaya Prakticheskaya Geometriya," 2d ed. 1860; "Nizshaya Geodesiya," 2d ed. 1861;...
LÖWE BEN BEZALEEL – See Judah Löw ben Bezaleel.
LÖWE, JOEL – German commentator; born in 1760; died in Breslau Feb. 11, 1802. He signed his name in Hebrew writings as Joel (= "son of R. Judah Löb"). At the age of twenty he went to Berlin, where he received instruction from Isaac Satanow,...
LÖWE, KONRAD – Austrian actor; born at Prossnitz, Moravia, Feb. 6, 1856. He took a law course at the University of Vienna, and then went on the stage (1878). After filling engagements in various Austrian and German cities he was called in1895...
LÖWE, LUDWIG – German physician; born at Berlin March 11, 1844. After graduating from the gymnasium, he attended the universities of Jena, Würzburg, Strasburg, and Breslau, leaving the last institution with the degree of doctor of medicine in...
LÖWE, MOSES SAMUEL (Johann Michael Siegfried Löwe) – German painter and engraver; born at Königsberg, Prussia, June 24, 1756; died there May 10, 1831. Aided by the friendship and influence of the Friedländer family, he had achieved such a reputation by 1780 that the empress...
LÖWENBERG, JULIUS – German geographer; born at Strzelno, Prussia, 1800; died at Berlin Dec. 12, 1893. He was educated in Berlin, where he became acquainted with Alexander von Humboldt, who assisted him in various ways. He wrote: "Afrika" (1835);...
LÖWENFELD, LEOPOLD – German physician; born in Munich Jan. 23, 1847; educated at the gymnasium and university in his native city (M.D. 1870). During the Franco-Prussian war he was assistant physician in a Bavarian field-hospital. After several years...
LÖWENGARD, MAX – German rabbi; born in Württemberg; died at Basel May 25, 1876. He was a friend of Berthold Auerbach and a diligent student of Schelling's philosophy. Though a fervent advocate of Reform in his youth, he became a zealous...
LÖWENSTAMM, LEVI SAUL – See Aryeh Loeb ben Saul.
LÖWENSTAMM, SAUL – Rabbi and Talmudist; born at Rzeszow 1717; died at Amsterdam June 19, 1790. He is known as the author of "Binyan Ariel" (Amsterdam, 1778), which title he chose as a pun on "Ben Aryeh." As he tells in the preface, he was...
LÖWENSTEIN, BARUCH SOLOMON – Russian mathematician; born at Wolodarka, Russia, in the second quarter of the nineteenth century. He wrote: "Bikkure ha-Limmudiyyot," explanations of mathematical passages in the works of Abraham ibn Ezra, Moses Maimonides, and...
LÖWENSTEIN, BERNHARD – Austrian rabbi; born at Meseritz, province of Posen, Feb. 1, 1821; died at Lemberg March 15, 1889. Upon the recommendation of Ludwig Philippson he was elected preacher in Szent Miklos, Liptau, Hungary (1845), where he became...
LÖWENSTEIN, L. H. – Hebrew scholar; died at Frankfort-on-the-Main about 1850. He was reviser in the publishing-house of Isaac Lehrberger at Rödelheim, which office was afterward held by Seligman Baer. He published: The Book of Proverbs, edited from...