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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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LUNCZ, ABRAHAM MOSES – Russian scholar and editor; born Dec. 9, 1854, at Kovno, Russia; went when very young to Jerusalem, where he still (1904) lives. Luncz, who has been blind for many years, has founded, in conjunction with Dr. Koisewski, an...
LUNEL – Chief town of the department of Hérault, France; at times it is called and (see Zerahiah Gerundi, preface to "Ma'or," and I. de Lattes, "Sha'are Ẓiyyon," p. 75). The Jewish community here is an ancient one; important in the...
LUNTSCHITZ, SOLOMON EPHRAIM – See Ephraim, Solomon ben Aaron.
LUNTZ – Name of a family descended from the Loans, or Loanz, family of Worms. According to a family tradition, Elijah, the sixth in line of direct descent from Moses, son of Joselman Loans, emigrated from Worms and settled in the little...
LUPERIO (LUPERCIO), ISAAC – A Jew, perhaps a Marano, of Spanish descent; lived at Smyrna. His apology, written in Spanish and directed against a monk at Seville, and an interpretation by him of Daniel's "seventy weeks," entitled "Apoloxia Repuesta y...
LÜPSCHÜTZ – See Lipschitz; Lipschütz.
LURIA – A family with wide ramifications and several of whose members were distinguished for mystical tendencies and rabbinical knowledge.Abraham b. Nissan Luria: Russian rabbi and grammarian of the first half of the nineteenth century....
LUSITANUS, AMATUS – See Juan Rodrigo de Castel-Branco.
LUST – See Yeẓer ha-Ra'.
LUSTRATION – See Ablution.
LUTHER, MARTIN – German church reformer; born at Eisleben Nov. 10, 1483; died there Feb. 18, 1546. The Reformation originated in the Renaissance, being due partly to the general critical examination of traditional doctrines, and partly to the...
LUTSK (LUTZK) – In the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Centuries. District city in the government of Volhynia, Russia, situated on the right bank of the Styr at its junction with the Gizhtza. Between the years 1224 and 1227 about 300 Karaite families...
LUTZYN – Russian town in the government of Vitebsk; it is situated near a chain of mountains and surrounded by lakes and streams. Lutzyn is an ancient city, and was fortified by the Livonian Order in the twelfth century. According to...
LUXEMBURG – Early History. Grand duchy of central Europe, its capital bearing the same name. The sources do not definitely indicate when Jews first settled in Luxemburg. The first record of a Jew residing there occurs in a document of the...
LUZ – 1. Older name of the city of Beth-el (Gen. xxviii. 19, xxxv. 6, xlviii. 3; Josh. xvi. 2, xviii. 13; Judges i. 23).2. Name of a city in the land of the Hittites, built by an emigrant from Beth-el, who was spared and sent abroad...
LUZKI, SIMḤAH ISAAC BEN MOSES – Karaite writer and bibliographer; born at Lutsk at the end of the seventeenth century; died, according to Firkovich, at Chufut-Kale, Crimea, or, according to another source, at Lutsk, March, 1766. He was well versed in...
LUZZATTI, LUIGI – Italian statesman and political economist; born at Venice March 11, 1841; studied at the University of Padua (Doctor of Law 1863) and in Venice. While in the latter city he was strongly influenced by Politeo, professor of...
LUZZATTO (LUZZATTI) – Name of a family of Italian scholars whose genealogy can be traced back to the first half of the sixteenth century. According to a tradition communicated by S. D. Luzzatto the family descends from a German who immigrated into...
LWOW, AARON MOSES BEN ẒEBI HIRSCH – Grammarian, scribe, and dayyan of Lemberg in the eighteenth century. He wrote: "Shirah Ḥadashah" (Zolkiev, 1764), a Hebrew grammar in verse, divided into six poems with explanations in prose, composed after the model of Elijah...
LYDDA – City in Palestine, later named Diospolis; situated one hour northeast of Ramleh, about three hours southeast of Jaffa, and, according to the Talmud (Ma'as. Sh. v. 2; Beẓah 5a), a day's journey west of Jerusalem. It seems to have...
LYING – Telling a falsehood with the intent of deceiving.—Biblical Data: Lying is most vigorously condemned in the Law: "Keep thee far from a false matter" (Ex. xxiii. 7); "Neither deal falsely, neither lie one to another" (Lev. xix....
LYON, ABRAHAM DE – One of the first Jewish settlers in Georgia, U. S. A.; ancestor of the well-known family of that name which has figured prominently in the annals of that state. According to a family tradition he was born in Spain. The early...
LYON, GEORGE LEWIS – English journalist and communal worker; born at Portsea, England, Dec. 11, 1828; died in London Feb. 14, 1904. After acting for a time as secretary of the Portsmouth Hebrew Benevolent Institution, Lyon went to London in the...
LYON, HART – See Hirsch, Levin Joseph.
LYON (LEONI), MYER – Operatic singer and ḥazzan; died at Kingston, Jamaica, about 1800; uncle of John Braham; both he and his nephew were choristers at the same time at the Great Synagogue, London. Lyon was also a public singer; and his voice was...