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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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LYON, ROBERT – American journalist; born in London, England, Jan. 15, 1810; died in New York city March 10, 1858. After a brief business career in London, he emigrated to the United States (1844), and, meeting no success in a manufacturing...
LYONS – City on the Rhône, France. Jews seem to have been established in the surrounding region at an early date. The fact that Pope Victor in the fifth century prohibited the Archbishop of Vienne (France) from celebrating Easter with...
LYONS, ISRAEL – Hebrew teacher and author; born in Poland; died 1770. He emigrated to England and settled in Cambridge. Here he practised the craft of silversmith and acquired a reputation as a Hebrew scholar. This led to his appointment as...
LYONS, ISRAEL – English astronomer, botanist, and mathematician; born at Cambridge 1739; died in London 1775; son of Israel Lyons. In his earliest youth he showed a remarkable aptitude for study, especially for mathematics. He began in 1755 the...
LYONS, JACQUES JUDAH – American minister; son of Judah and Mary Lyons; born in Surinam, Dutch Guiana, Aug. 25, 1814; died in New York Aug. 12, 1877. He was educated in Surinam, and was minister of the Spanish and Portuguese congregation there. Neweh...
LYRA, NICOLAS DE – French exegete; born at Lyre, near Evreux, Normandy, about 1270; died at Paris Oct. 23, 1340. The only certain dates in connection with his life are furnished by his epitaph in the monastery of the Minorites at Paris, which has...
LYRE – See Harp and Lyre.
LYSIAS – Syrian statesman of royal descent; died 162 B.C. (I Macc. iii. 32; Josephus, "Ant." xii. 7, § 2). When Antiochus Epiphanes undertook a campaign against the Parthians in 166-165, he appointed Lysias regent and guardian of his...
LYSIMACHUS – Anti-Jewish Alexandrian writer; lived before Apion. Like the Stoic Chæremon, he went beyond even Manetho in his inimical account of the exodus of the Jews from Egypt. According to Lysimachus, the Jews, numbering 110,000, left...