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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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MAI, JOHANN HEINRICH – German Protestant theologian; born in Pforzheim Feb., 1653; died in Giessen Sept., 1719. In 1689 he became professor in the University of Giessen. Besides various Biblical exegetical works he wrote: "Synopsis Theologiæ Judaicæ"...
MAI, JOSEPH BEN MICHAEL – German printer; born at Dyhernfurth Dec. 29, 1764; died at Breslau Dec. 1, 1810. His father had a printing establishment at Dyhernfurth, to which Joseph and his brother succeeded. Mai was a Talmudic scholar and wrote prefaces to...
MAIER, JOSEPH VON – German rabbi; born in 1797; died at Stuttgart Aug. 19, 1873. He was president of the first rabbinical conference held at Brunswick in 1844, and he was also a member of the Jewish Consistory of Württemberg. In recognition of his...
MAIMING – See Mayhem.
MAIMON (MAIMUN) BEN JOSEPH – Spanish exegete and moralist; born about 1110; father of Moses Maimonides. He studied under Joseph ibn Migash at Lucena, and became a dayyan. He was the author of a commentary, in Arabic, on the Pentateuch, fragments of which...
MAIMON, MOISEI LEIBOVICH – Page from the First Edition of the Maḥzor, Soncino, 1485.(From the Sulzberger collection in the Jewish Theological Seminary of America, New York.)Russian painter; born at Wilkowiszk, government of Suwalki, Russian Poland, Feb....
MAIMON, SOLOMON BEN JOSHUA – Early Studies. Philosophical writer; born at Nieszwicz, Lithuania, in 1754; died at Niedersiegersdorf, Silesia, Nov. 22, 1800. Endowed with greaty ability, he became versed in rabbinical literature while still a child. He was...
MAIMONIDES, MAIMUNI – See Moses ben Maimon.
MAIMONISTS – See France; Moses ben Maimon.
MAINTENANCE – See Husband and Wife.
MAINZ – See Mayence.
MAISON, KARL – Bavarian merchant, manufacturer and deputy; born in Oberdorf, Württemberg, Sept. 18, 1840; died in Munich Sept. 29, 1896. He was educated at the primary and Latin schools at Oberdorf, and received a business training at...
MAJOR, JULIUS – Hungarian composer of music; born Dec. 13, 1859, at Kaschau on the Hernad, chief town of Aber Uj Var district, Hungary. He commenced his studies at the Realschule in Pesth, intending to become an engineer, but left that...
MAJOR, SOLOMON IBN – Turkish rabbi; flourished toward the end of the sixteenth century at Salonica, where he was head of the yeshibah. Many distinguished rabbis were Major's pupils, among them being Joseph Florentin, Abraham Falcon, and his own son...
MAJORCA – See Balearic Islands.
MAJORITY – 1. More than half of a given number or group; the greater part: applied to opinions. In their endeavor to find a Biblical basis for every principle of law the Rabbis interpreted Ex. xxiii. 2 so as to derive the majority...
MAKAI, EMIL – Hungarian poet; born at Mako Nov. 17, 1871; died at Budapest Aug. 6, 1901; son of Rabbi A. E. Fischer. He was educated at the Rabbinical Seminary in Budapest and distinguished himself as a student by his poetical talent. Some of...
MAKKEDAH – City situated, according to the Priestly description of tribal boundaries and groups of cities contained in the Book of Joshua (xv. 41), among the foot-hills bordering upon Judah and extending westward to the maritime plain. It...
MAKKOT – Treatise of the Mishnah, Tosefta, and Gemara (Palestinian and Babylonian). It is fifth in the order of Neziḳin ("Damages"), following Sanhedrin, to which in contents it is closely related and with which it was formerly united...
MAKO – Town in Hungary, in the county of Csanad. It has a total population of 33,722, of which 1,642 are Jews (1900). Jews began to settle there about the middle of the eighteenth century, under the protection of Stanislavich, the...
MAKOWER, HERMANN – German jurist; born at Santomischel, Posen, March 8, 1830; died at Berlin April 1, 1898. His father, recognizing the inadequate educational facilities of the town, sent him, alone and almost penniless, at the age of nine, to win...
MAḲRE DARDEḲE – Name given in the Middle Ages to Hebrew glossaries primarily intended for the use of students of the Bible; its literal meaning is "teacher of children." The first and most noteworthy work of this kind is the one published at...
MAKSHAN, SAMUEL BEN PHINEHAS HA-KOHEN – Bohemian Talmudist of the sixteenth century; born in Prague. He wrote: "Teḥillat Dibre Shemuel," commentary on the Targum of Esther (Prague, 1594 [according to Zunz, "Z. G." p. 278; 1601 according to other bibliographers]); "Bet...
MAKSHIRIN – Name of the eighth tractate, in the Mishnah and Tosefta, of the sixth Talmudic order Ṭohorot ("Purifications"). This tractate contains six chapters, divided respectively into 6, 11, 8, 10, 11, and 8 sections, while the Tosefta...
MALABAR – See Cochin.