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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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SIMSON, MARTIN EDUARD VON – German jurist and statesman; born Nov. 10, 1810, at Königsberg, East Prussia; died at Berlin May 22, 1899. Educated at the universities of Königsberg (LL.D. 1829), Berlin, and Bonn, and at the Ecole de Droit, Paris, he became...
SIMUNA (SEMONA) – Sabora of the second generation (Halevy, "Dorot ha-Rishonim," iii. 26); principal of the Academy of Pumbedita (520-540) while R. 'Ena was filling a similar position at Sura. According to Grätz, these two scholars committed the...
SIN – Under the Jewish theocracy, wilful disregard of the positive, or wilful infraction of the negative, commands of God as proclaimed by Moses and interpreted by the Rabbis; it thus includes crimes against God and crimes against...
SIN – 1. Egyptian city mentioned in Ezek. xxx. 15 et seq.; probably the ancient frontier fortress of Pelusium (so cited in Jerome); the modern Farama or Tine.2. Desert on the Sinaitic Peninsula, situated "between Elim and Sinai" (Ex....
SIN – See Shin.
SIN-OFFERING – Biblical Data: The sin-offering proper is a sacrifice consisting of either a beast or a fowl and offered on the altar to atone for a sin committed unwittingly. The rules concerning the sin-offering are as follows: If the...
SINAI – See Periodicals.
SINAI, MOUNT – Mount Horeb. —Biblical Data: Mountain situated in the desert of Sinai, famous for its connection with the promulgation of the Law by God through Moses (Ex. xix. 1-xx. 18). The general opinion of modern scholars is that the name...
SINAITIC COMMANDMENTS – Halakot designated in the Mishnah and the Talmudim as "halakot le-Mosheh mi-Sinai," i.e., as having been transmitted from Moses on Mt. Sinai. There are, however, many halakot so designated which did not originate with Moses and...
SINDABAR – See Sindbad.
SINDBAD – Collection of tales on the wiles of women, the enveloping action of which deals with the attempt of a step-mother on the life of an Indian prince. His seven masters defer the evil day of his execution by telling tales of the...
SINGAPORE – Capital and seaport of the British dependency of Singapore. Jews commenced to settle in Singapore in 1840. For a number of years their services were held in a rented house near the business quarter, in a street since known as...
SINGER, EDMUND – Hungarian violinist; born at Totis, Hungary, Oct. 14, 1831; pupil successively of Ellinger, Ridley Kohne, and Joseph Böhm (violin), and of Preyer (composition); from 1844 to 1846 he studied at the Paris Conservatoire. In the...
SINGER, ISIDOR – Austrian economist; born in Budapest Jan. 16, 1857; removed to Vienna with his parents in 1861. He studied mathematics and astronomy at the University of Vienna; and after taking a course in jurisprudence at Gratz returned to...
SINGER, ISIDORE – Austrian author and editor, and originator of The Jewish Encyclopedia; born in Weisskirchen, Moravia, Nov. 10, 1859; educated in the high schools of Ungarisch-Hradisch, Kremsier, and Troppau and at the universities of Vienna...
SINGER, JOSEF – Austrian cantor; born in Galicia Oct. 15, 1842. His father, an itinerant ḥazzan, destined him for a theatrical career, but the boy evinced an inclination for study, and after taking a four-year course at the Conservatorium at...
SINGER, MAXIMILIAN – Austrian botanist, zoologist, and author; born at Leipnik Feb. 6, 1857 (Ph.D. Vienna, 1883). He made a specialty of botany and zoology and published a number of articles on these subjects in the "Wiener Landwirthschaftliche...
SINGER, PAUL – German Social Democrat and deputy; born in Berlin Jan. 16, 1844. After having attended the real-school of his native city he entered upon a commercial career, and in 1869 established a cloak-factory, with his brother as partner....
SINGER, SAMUEL – Philologist; born in Vienna July 12, 1860; educated at the gymnasium and university of his native city (LL.D. 1884; Ph.D. 1885). In 1891 he became privat-docent at the University of Bern, in 1896 assistant professor, and in 1905...
SINGER, SIMEON – English rabbi; born in London 1848. He was educated at Jews' College, received his rabbinical diploma in 1890, and has occupied successively the positions of head master of Jews' College School, and minister of the Borough New...
SINGER AND BASS – See Music, Synagogal.
SINIGAGLIA – Italian family from Sinigaglia; later settled in Scandiano, where Solomon Jedidiah Sinigaglia ("Bet Talmud," iii. 205) was rabbi and "mohel" in 1639. Later he went to Modena. The principal members of the family and their...
SINIM – See China.
SINZHEIM, JOSEPH DAVID – First rabbi of Strasburg; born in 1745; died at Paris Feb. 11, 1812; son of R. Isaac Sinzheim of Treves and brother-in-law of Herz Cerfbeer. He was the most learned and prominent member of the Assembly of Notables convened by...
SIPPAI – Philistine giant, one of the sons of Rapha (A. V. "the giant"); slain at Gezer by Sibbechai the Hushathite, one of David's warriors (I Chron. xx. 4). In the parallel passage, II Sam. xxi. 18, he is called "Saph," and the place...