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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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ANNA – 1. Tobit's wife, of his own kindred (Tobit i. 9), consanguineous marriages being regarded by the pious Jews of old as especially meritorious (see Kohler, "The Pre-Talmudic Haggadah," in "Jewish Quarterly Review," v. 406, note)....
ANNA – Daughter of Rabbi Eleazar of Worms; lived at Erfurt, where she died as martyr by the hand of Crusaders, Dec. 6, 1213 or 1214. Her mother (Dolce) and sister (Bellette) met with the same fate.Bibliography: Kayserling, Jüdische...
ANNA – Daughter of R. Meir of Ramerupt, sister of Rabbenu Tam and Rashbam, and granddaughter of Rashi; a learned woman of Champagne, France, and who, about the middle of the twelfth century, gave instruction to women in the Jewish...
ANNA – See Hallel, Haḳafot.
ANNA BEḲORENU – A Pizmon for the Eve of Atonement, according to the Sephardic ritual, taking the place occupied by "Omnam Ken" and "Ki Hinneh Ka-ḥomer" in the ritual of the Ashkenazim. It is a prayerful hymn by David Ibn Bekodah (twelfth...
ANNA IVANOVNA – Empress of Russia; born Feb. 8, 1693; crowned 1730; died Oct. 28, 1740. After the death of Peter the Great (Feb. 8, 1725) a reactionary policy was inaugurated by his immediate successors, who were influenced by the Greek...
ANNAS – Son of Sethi, or Seth (Josephus, "Ant." xviii. 2, § 1), a Jewish high priest. He was appointed to the office by Quirinus, governor of Syria, to succeed Joazar. When in his thirty-seventh year, and after having held his position...
ANNIUS RUFUS – Procurator of Judea from the year 12-15 (Josephus, "Ant." xviii. 2, § 2).A. Bü.
ANNIVERSARY OF DEATH – See Jahrzeit.
ANNUAL HEBREW MAGAZINE, THE – See Periodicals.
ANOINTED OF THE LORD, THE – See Messiah.
ANOINTING – Biblical Data: Two words are employed in the Old Testament for Anointing, and . The former designates the private use of unguents in making one's toilet, the latter their use as a religious rite.As a means of soothing the skin...
ANONYMOUS WORKS – Hebrew anonymous literature is coeval with the literature of the nation. The Bible mentions two anonymous historical works: "Milḥamot Adonai" (Num. xxi. 14) and "Sefer ha-Yashar" (Josh. x. 13). The Hebrew writer of antiquity...
ANSBACH – Ancient town of Bavaria, Germany; the capital of Middle Franconia, situated on the Rezat, twenty-five miles southwest of Nuremberg. There was a Jewish settlement here in 1328, but it was annihilated by the Flagellants in 1349....
ANSCHEL – Rabbi at Cracow; flourished in the first half of the sixteenth century. He was the author of "Mirkebet ha-Mishneh" (The Second Chariot), a Judæo-German Biblical concordance, preceded by a lengthy introduction. The volume—now...
ANSCHEL NORDEN DE LIMA – See Lima.
ANSCHEL, SOLOMON – German author; lived in southern Germany at the end of the eighteenth and the beginning of the nineteenth century. He wrote "Ueber den Commerz Zwischen Seele u. Körper" (a translation from the Hebrew), Frankfort-on-the-Main,...
ANSCHEL, WORMS – See Asher ben Wolf.
ANSCHELM – Chief rabbi of several German provinces. He was appointed to the office of chief rabbi in the year 1435 by Conrad of Weinsberg, hereditary chamberlain and plenipotentiary representative in this particular matter of the Holy...
ANSHE KENESET HA-GEDOLAH – See Synagogue, Great.
ANSPACH, JOEL – French religious writer; born about 1800; died September, 1872. He was the only brother of Philippe Anspach. Joel was the first to translate the daily prayers from Hebrew into French. In 1842 he published his "Paroles d'un...
ANSPACH, PHILIPPE – Honorary counselor to the French Court of Cassation (court of appeal) and officer of the Legion of Honor; born in Metz, 1800; died Dec. 3, 1875. His father, Mayer Anspach, died in 1844, aged ninety-three years. Philippe studied...
ANT IN JEWISH LITERATURE, THE – In Hebrew , so also in Arabic naml (etymology doubtful); in Aramaic (Targum, Peshito, and Talmud) , which has its equivalent in the Arabic sumsum, simsim, and is used especially of the small red Ant, distinguished from...
ANTEDILUVIANS, BOOK OF – See Apocrypha.
ANTELOPE – One of a variety of ruminants resembling the deer in many respects. The Revised Version of the Bible has the word "Antelope" twice as a translation for " " (Deut. xiv. 5, Isa. li. 20); but this translation can not be justified....