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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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BALLIN, ADA SARA – English author and journalist; born in London, England; educated at University College, London, where she obtained scholarships in Hebrew and German. She devoted herself to the subject of sanitation, and lectured for the...
BALLIN, JOEL – Danish engraver, born in Vejle, Jutland, March 22, 1822; died in Copenhagen, March 21, 1885. He was a son of a merchant, Joseph Ballin, and his wife, Hanne Peiser. At the age of eleven he went to Copenhagen to study art in order...
BALLIN, SAMUEL JACOB – Danish physician; born at Copenhagen, Oct. 21, 1802; died there March 24, 1866. He was the son of a merchant, Jacob Levin Ballin, and his wife, Susanne Melchior.His parents died early, and he was brought up by his uncle L. S....
BALLY, DAVICION – Rumanian patriot; born at Bucharest Jan. 29, 1809; died at Jerusalem May 2, 1844. His great-grandfather, Chelebi Mentesh Bally, banker to the grand vizier of Constantinople, aided Nicolas Mavrocordato to ascend the throne of...
BALM – A term used six times in the A. V. as a translation of the Hebrew words , and . It is everywhere rendered resina in the Vulgate.The margin of the A. V. in Ezek. xxvii. 17 reads "rosin." The six passages in which the word is...
BALSAM – Word used as the translation (R. V., margin) of the Hebrew (Cant. v. 1) and of (ib. v. 13, vi. 2), for which the A. V. has "spice." An aromatic gum or spice, probably the product of a Balsam tree or plant. The Balsam tree of...
BALTA – A town in Russia, situated near the Rumanian and Turkish frontiers. Its Jewish community dates from about the middle of the eighteenth century. When Balta was founded, it was divided into a Polish part, called "Josephgrod,"...
BALTHAZAR – See Belshazzar.
BALTHAZAR, OROBIO DE CASTRO – See Castro, Balthazar Orobio de.
BALTIC PROVINCES – The three Russian governments bordering the Baltic sea—Courland, Livonia, and Esthonia; belonging formerly to Sweden, with the exception of Courland, which was a dependency of Poland and came into possession of Russia, in part...
BALTIMORE – Port of entry and principal city of the state of Maryland, situated on an estuary of the Patapsco river about 12 miles from Chesapeake bay.It can not be determined when Jews first settled in Baltimore. There were none among the...
BAMAH – This word, which ordinarily designates a "high place" (see High Places), is introduced in Ezek. xx. 29 as a generic name for an idolatrous place of worship for the purpose of playing upon the word, as though "Bamah" were...
BAMBERG – City in Upper Franconia, Bavaria. As early as the beginning of the eleventh century Jews had settled at Bamberg. In the second half of the twelfth century Benjamin of Tudela, at the end of his "Travels," mentions its large...
BAMBERG, FELIX – German publicist; born at Unruhstadt, Germany, May 17, 1820; died in Saint-Gratien, near Paris, Feb. 12, 1893. He studied philosophy and history in Berlin and Paris; became consul at Paris for Prussia and Brunswick in 1851, and...
BAMBERG, SAMUEL – Halakist and liturgist; lived about 1220. He was born in Metz, where he attended the rabbinical school, and was one of the best-known German Talmudic scholars. His teachers were his father, Baruch ben Samuel, the well-known poet...
BAMBERGER, BÉLA – Hungarian lawyer and writer on political economy; born at Szegedin, Hungary, in 1854; studied law at Vienna and Budapest. He is an authority on the currency question. His works, "Die Vorgeschichte und Finanziellen Folgen der...
BAMBERGER, ÉDOUARD ADRIEN – French deputy and physician; born at Strasburg Sept. 25, 1825. After obtaining the degree of B. A. in 1843 he devoted himself to medicine, in which he obtained a doctor's degree in 1847. Although active in the medical...
BAMBERGER, ISAAC – German rabbi; born at Angenrod, in the grand duchy of Hesse-Darmstadt, Nov. 5, 1834; died at Königsberg Oct. 26, 1896. He received elementary instruction in Hebrew from his father, Mayer Bamberger, who was for fifty years a...
BAMBERGER, LUDWIG – German deputy and political economist; born in Mayence July 22, 1823; died in Berlin March 14, 1899. He studied law in 1842-45 at the universities of Giessen, Heidelberg, and Göttingen; and during the following two years he was...
BAMBERGER, SELIGMAN BAER – An Enthusiastic Student. Talmudist of the old school and leader of the Orthodox party in Germany; born at Wiesenbronn, near Kitzingen, Bavaria, Nov. 6, 1807; died at Würzburg Oct. 13,1878. His strictly Orthodox parents sent him,...
BAMBERGER, SOLOMON – German rabbi and Talmudic author; born in Wiesenbronn, Bavaria, May 1, 1835. He is the son of the eminent rabbi Seligman Baer Bamberger, from whom he received his first instruction in Talmud. After having privately acquired the...
BAMOTH-BAAL – An elevated point in the land of Moab (Num. xxii. 41), which was allotted to the Reubenites (Josh. xiii. 17). It is probably identical with the Bamoth between Nahaliel and the "valley that is in the country of Moab, to the top...
BAMPI, ISSACHAR DOB BAER – Scholar and philanthropist; born 1823 at Minsk, Russia; died there March 10, 1888. He received a thorough Biblical and Talmudical education, was a good Hebraist, and every day for the last thirty years of his life lectured on a...
BAN – herem": A proclamation devoting or consecrating to the Deity persons or things to be excluded from use, or, as was the rule in Biblical times, to be utterly destroyed. The noun "ḥerem," or the verb "heḥerim," translated in A. V....
BANAAH, TANNA – See Bannaah.