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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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BOLAT – See Bulat, Abraham Ibn.
BOLECHOW – Town in the district of Dolina, Galicia, Austria, the population of which in 1890 was 4,402, of whom half were Jews. The Jewish community dates from the day of the foundation of the place in 1612 by Nicholas Giedzinsky....
BOLESLAW I. CHROBRY – King of Poland from 992 to 1025. According to the Polish preacher Matheusz Bembo, a contemporary of Sigismund III. (beginning of the seventeenth century), the first Jews settled in Poland in the reign of Boleslaw Chrobry; and...
BOLESLAW III. KRZYWOUSTY – King of Poland from 1102 to 1139. In his time, according to Naruschewicz, the Jews spread through Poland and Lithuania as far as Kiev, where they carried on a lively trade, especially in salt with Holics and Przemysl, and...
BOLESLAW POBOZNY – Duke of Kalisz; died 1278. He was distinguished for his courage and administrative ability. Boleslaw aimed at furthering the welfare of his subjects rather than at the enlargement of his domains by wars. Emigration from the...
BOLESLAW V. WSTYDLIWY – King of Poland (1228-79). During his reign (1240) the Mongols under Batu-Khan, the grandson of Genghis Khan, invaded Poland and carried away many thousand Jews as slaves to Asia. His reign is memorable also for the fact that he...
BOLESO – See Hungary.
BOLOGNA – Early Records. Capital of the province of Bologna and of the division of Emilia, in northern Italy. As early as the beginning of the fourth century there were Jews in Bologna, but it is difficult to ascertain the exact date of...
BOMBAY, INDIA – See Beni-Israel, India.
BOMBERG, DANIEL – List of Bomberg's Hebrew Works. "Tefillot Latini." Italian Jewish Prayers Printed in Hebrew Characters, Bologna, 1538.(In the Library of Columbia University.)Christian printer and publisher of Hebrew works; born at Antwerp; died...
BONA SFORZA – Polish queen; born 1493; died 1557; second wife of King Sigismund I. She was remarkable for her beauty and energy, but thoroughly hated in Poland for her intrigues and avarice. She sold high government offices, and her courtiers...
BONAFOS – French physician; lived in the second half of the fourteenth century at Perpignan, where he was president of the community.Bibliography:Nissim Gerondi, Responsa, No. 65;Gross, Gallia Judaica, p. 474.G.I. Ber.
BONAFOS, ASTRUC AZARIAH B. JOSEPH – See Azaria b. Joseph.
BONAFOS, MENAHEM BEN ABRAHAM – French philosopher; flourished at the end of the fourteenth century and at the beginning of the fifteenth. He was the author of a work entitled "Sefer ha-Gedarim" (Book of the Definitions), or, as it is also called, "Miklal...
BONAFOS (V03p300007.jpg), VIDAL – Page From Bomberg's Edition of The Talmud, 1526.(In the Union Theological Seminary, New York.)Talmudist of Barcelona, at the end of the thirteenth century. Bonafos took a very active part in the anti-Maimonistic controversy, and...
BONAFOUX, DANIEL ISRAEL – An active adherent of Shabbethai Ẓebi; lived at Smyrna in the seventeenth century. He was not disappointed when the apostasy of the latter was announced. At Shabbethai's death he pretended to have had visions and to have...
BONAFOUX, MENAHEM B. ABRAHAM – See Bonafos, Menahem b. Abraham.
BONALD, LOUIS-GABRIEL-AMBROISE – French philosopher, politician, and anti-Jewish writer; born Oct. 2, 1774; died at Nomma Nov. 23, 1840. Being opposed to the Revolution of 1789, he emigrated in 1791 and settled at Heidelberg, where he wrote his first important...
BONAN, DAVID – Rabbi of the Livornian community of Tunis; died in that city in 1850. After his death his family defrayed the expenses of the publication of his works, "Nishal David," "Ohel David," both containing responsa (Leghorn, 1857);...
BONAN, ISAAC – Author; father of David Bonan; lived in Tunis at the end of the eighteenth century. After his death the following works of his were published: "Ohole Yiẓḥaḳ" (Isaac's Tents)—commentaries on several treatises of the Babylonian...
BONAPARTE, NAPOLEON – See Napoleon I.
BONASTRUC DESMAËSTRE – Spanish controversialist at the disputation at Tortosa 1413-14. Bonastruc was a prominent citizen in Gerona. When, under a penalty of 1,000 florins, he was summoned to appear with his fourteen-year-old son and his little...
BONASTRUC, ISAAC – Rabbi at Palma in Majorca at the end of the fourteenth century; probably born in Barcelona. After the loss of his entire fortune during the persecutions of 1391, he went to Algiers and forced his services as rabbi upon the...
BONASTRUC DA PORTA – See Moses b. Naḥman.
BONAVENTURA, FORTUNATO DE S. – Member of the Royal Academy of Science of Lisbon about the beginning of the nineteenth century. He attempted a history of the literature of the Jewish authors in Portugal, under the title "Memoria Sobre o Começo, Progresso e...