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SAMUEL BEN ABIGDOR – Russian rabbi; born about 1720; died 1793 at Wilna, where his father, who had been rabbi in Pruzhani, Rushany, and Wilkowyszky, spent his last years (see Abigdor ben Samuel). His father-in-law, Judah ben Eliezer, surnamed...
SAMUEL IBN ABUN B. YAḤYA – Arabo-Jewish poet of the eleventh century; great-grandfather of Samuel ibn Nazar and a contemporary of Moses ibn Ezra. A poem of his with the acrostic was edited from the fourth section of the Oran Maḥzor by Luzzatto in "Kerem...
SAMUEL IBN 'ADIYA – Poet and warrior; lived in Arabia in the first half of the sixth century. His mother was of the royal tribe of Ghassan, while his father, according to some, was descended from Aaron, or, according to others, from Kahin, son of...
SAMUEL BEN ALEXANDER OF HALBERSTADT – German rabbi and scientist; perhaps a resident of Frankfort-on-the-Oder; died July 6, 1707. He was the author of "Peri Megadim," an alphabetical index to Shulḥan 'Aruk, Ḥoshen Mishpaṭ (Frankfort-on-the-Oder, 1691).Bibliography:...
SAMUEL BEN AMMI – Palestinian amora of the beginning of the fourth century. He is known through his controversies with other scholars. He contended, for instance, that II Chron. xiii. 17 should be interpreted as meaning that King Abijah of Judea...
SAMUEL BAR ASHER – Martyr; lived at Neuss, Rhenish Prussia, in the eleventh century. According to Salomon ben Simeon, he, with his two sons, was murdered on St. John's Day (June 24), 1096. Samuel and one of his sons were buried on the river-bank,...
SAMUEL DE CACERES – See Caceres.
SAMUEL BEN DAVID MOSES HA-LEVI OF MESERITZ – Polish Talmudist; born about 1625; died April 24, 1681, at Kleinsteinbach, Bavaria. As a wandering scholar he is found for a time at Meseritz and then at Halberstadt. In 1660 he was rabbi of Bamberg, with his residence at...
SAMUEL, BARON DENIS DE – English financier; born 1782; died in London 1860. He came of a Polish family, and counted among his ancestors several eminent rabbis. Samuel was a nativeof England; but early in life he established himself in business at Rio de...
SAMUEL (SANWEL) BEN ENOCH – Polish rabbi; flourished in the seventeenth century; born at Lublin. He officiated as dayyan at Jassy and later at Mayence. He was the author of "Dibre Shemu'el," derashot on the Pentateuch; but only that part of it on Genesis,...
SAMUEL OF ESCALETA – French Talmudist, poet, and philanthropist of the fourteenth century. Jacob of Provence considers him one of the first poets of Provence. His piety, learning, and generosity also were praised by his contemporaries. At first he...
SAMUEL OF EVREUX – French tosafist of the thirteenth century. He is identified by Gross with Samuel ben Shneor (not ben Yom-Ṭob, as given by Zunz in "Z. G." p. 38), whose explanations of Nazir are cited by Solomon ben Adret (Responsa, iii., No....
SAMUEL, HAEEM – Indian communal worker; born at Alibag, near Bombay, in 1830; educated at the Robert Money School in Bombay. Samuel entered the service of the government in 1851, and was promoted to be second assistant to the inspector-general...
SAMUEL, HARRY SIMON – English politician; born Aug. 31, 1853; son of Horatio S. Samuel by his marriage with Henrietta Montefiore. He was educated at Eastbourne College and St. John's College, Cambridge (B.A. 1875). Samuel is a freeman of the city of...
SAMUEL IBN ḤAYYIM – Medieval liturgical poet; the time and place of his birth are unknown. He composed eighty-two liturgical poems, of which the four mentioned last by Zunz in his addenda are intended for the Simḥat Torah festival. Twice the author...
SAMUEL ḤAYYIM OF SALONICA – Maternal grandson of Samuel of Modena; lived in Salonica during the sixteenth century. He wrote "Bene Shemu'el," a collection of novellæ on Ṭur Ḥoshen Mishpaṭ, as well as on Hilkot Yom-Ṭob and Ta'arubot. Sixty-three responsa by...
SAMUEL, HERBERT – English politician; born in London 1870; youngest son of Edwin L. Samuel, and nephew of Sir Samuel Montagu. He was educated at Balliol College, Oxford, where he took first class honors in history and the degree of M.A. in 1897....
SAMUEL B. ḤIYYA – Palestinian amora of the second half of the third century of the common era. None of his halakic or haggadic maxims has been preserved; and he is known only through his quotations of the Statements of others. He is twice...
SAMUEL BEN ḤOFNI – Last gaon of Sura; died in 1034. His father was a Talmudic scholar and chief judge ("ab bet din," probably of Fez), one of whose responsa is extant (see Zunz, "Ritus," p. 191; Steinschneider, "Hebr. Bibl." xx. 132), and on whose...
SAMUEL, ISAAC – English ḥazzan; born in London March 9, 1833. He was appointed minister of the Bristol congregation in 1860, and became the senior ḥazzan of the Bayswater Synagogue in 1864. He has acted as honorary secretary of the Jews' Deaf...
SAMUEL BEN ISAAC HA-SARDI – Spanish rabbi; flourished in the first half of the thirteenth century. In his youth he attended the school of Rabbi Nathan ben Meïr of Trinquetaille, Provence, and later he returned to Spain, his native country. Conforte ("Ḳore...
SAMUEL BEN ISAAC OF UCEDA – Talmudist of Safed in the sixteenth century; descendant of a family of Uceda, which, when banished from Spain, settled at Safed. Samuel was head of the Talmudical school which was conducted in the latter city by the liberality...
SAMUEL BEN JACOB OF CAPUA – Italian translator; lived, probably at Capua, at the end of the thirteenth century, if Steinschneider's supposition that Samuel was the father of the physician Solomon of Capua (MS. Turin No. 42) be correct. Samuel translated,...
SAMUEL BEN JACOB IBN JAM' – Rabbi of a North-African community ( ); flourished in the twelfth century. He was on intimate terms with Abraham ibn Ezra, who dedicated to him his "Ḥai ben Meḳiẓ" and mentioned eulogiously three of his sons—Judah, Moses, and...
SAMUEL BEN JACOB OF TROYES – French Talmudist of the first half of the thirteenth century, a descendant of Rashi. In his youth he addressed a circular letter, probably cabalistic in nature, to the Provençal Asher ben David, to which the latter alludes in...