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SAMUEL BEN JEHIEL – Martyr of Cologne in the First Crusade, June 25, 1096. When the Crusaders hunted the Jews of Cologne out of the villages where, under the protection of Archbishop Hermann, they had sought refuge, Samuel, standing in one of the...
SAMUEL BEN JONAH – Palestinian amora of the fourth century. He is perhaps identical with Samuel ben Inijah or Inia ( ). Samuel ben Jonah once gave an opinion concerning Samuel ben Naḥman's system of calculating the advent of the new moon (Pesiḳ....
SAMUEL BEN JOSE BEN BUN (ABUN) – Palestinian amora of the fourth century, in whose time the Jerusalem Talmud is said to have been arranged and completed by his father, Jose. Some of his sayings have been preserved in Yer. R. H. i. 5; Ber. i. 6; Soṭah ix. 5; and...
SAMUEL BEN JOSEPH JOSKE – Polish Talmudist of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries; born at Lublin. He was the first known rabbi of Jung-Bunzlau, and was the author of "Leḥem Rab" (Prague, 1609), supplementing the Shulḥan 'Aruk, Oraḥ Ḥayyim, and...
SAMUEL BEN JOSEPH OF VERDUN – French tosafist of the twelfth and thirteenth centuries. He was a disciple of Isaac ben Samuel the Elder of Dampierre, with whom he corresponded, and is mentioned in the Tosafot, in "Or Zarua'," and in "Haggạhot Maimuniyyot" as...
SAMUEL BEN JUDAH – Scholar and head of the Jewish community at Lemberg. He suffered martyrdom in a terrible form outside the city on the 8th of Iyyar (a Sabbath), 1667.Bibliography: Buber, Anshe Shem, p. 211.E. C. S. O.
SAMUEL BEN JUDAH – French physician and translator; born at Marseilles 1294. He devoted himself early in life to the study of science, especially philosophy. When he was about eighteen years old he went to Salon, where he studied astronomy under...
SAMUEL B. JUDAH IBN ABUN – See Abbas, Samuel abu Nasr, ibn.
SAMUEL BEN KALONYMUS HE-ḤASID OF SPEYER – Tosafist, liturgical poet, and philosopher of the twelfth century; surnamed also "the Prophet" (Solomon Luria, Responsa, No. 29). He seems to have lived in Spain and in France. He is quoted in the tosafot to Yebamot (6lb) and...
SAMUEL BEN KALONYMUS HA-ḤAZZAN – Leader of the congregation at Erfurt in the twelfth and thirteenth centuries. He is sometimes, but erroneously, referred to as Samuel de Aphota Dicti Dovlin. He wrote a number of piyyuṭim, including five for Sabbath weddings,...
SAMUEL HA-ḲAṬON – Tanna of the second generation; lived in the early part of the second century of the common era. His surname "ha-Ḳaṭon" (= "the younger") is explained by some as an epithet given him on account of his extreme modesty, while...
SAMUEL HA-KOHEN – Rabbi of the sixteenth century. He was the author of the following works: "Derek Ḥayyim" (Constantinople, n.d.), on the 613 precepts; "Ner Miẓwah" (Venice, 1598), seventeen homilies on the thirteen articles of faith; and "Torah...
SAMUEL HA-KOHEN DI PISA – Portuguese scholar of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. He wrote a commentary on the difficult passages in Ecclesiastes and the Book of Job, discussing in it the immortality of the soul and the question as to whether Job...
SAMUEL MAR – See Samuel Yarḥina'ah.
SAMUEL, SIR MARCUS, Bart. – English financier and lord mayor of London; born in London 1853; son of Marcus Samuel and senior partner of the shipping firm of Samuel, Samuel & Co. of Yokohama, a house of the highest standing in Japan and entrusted with the...
SAMUEL BEN MARTA – Palestinian amora of the third century. The word "mishkan," twice occurring in Ex. xxxviii. 21, is explained by him as having reference to the fact that the sanctuary was twice confiscated as a pledge ("mashkon"; i. e., the...
SAMUEL B. MEÏR (RaSHBaM) – French exegete of Ramerupt, near Troyes; born about 1085; died about 1174; grandson of Rashi on his mother's side, and eldest son of the family. He was a pupil of his grandfather, and was at first an adherent of haggadic...
SAMUEL, MOSES – English author; born in London 1795; died at Liverpool 1860. He acquired considerable reputation as a Hebrew scholar and an authority on rabbinical literature. While at Liverpool he published an "Address to the Missionaries of...
SAMUEL BEN MOSES – Russian cabalist; lived at Swislotz, government of Grodno, in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. He was the author of "Shem Shemu'el," containing cabalistic interpretations of the Pentateuch and giving cabalistic reasons...
SAMUEL B. MOSES PHINEHAS – Polish rabbi; died in Posen Nov. 25, 1806. He was a descendant of R. Joshua (d. 1648), the author of "Maginne Shelomoh," and was related to the Heilprin family. At the age of twenty-three he became rabbi of Bilguria, near...
SAMUEL HA-NAGID (SAMUEL HALEVIBEN JOSEPH IBN NAGDELA) – Spanish statesman, grammarian, poet, and Talmudist; born at Cordova 993; died at Granada 1055. His father, who was a native of Merida, gave him a thorough education. Samuel studied rabbinical literature under Enoch, Hebrew...
SAMUEL BEN NAḤMAN (NAḤMANI) – Relations with Diocletian. Palestinian amora; born at the beginning of the third and died at the beginning of the fourth century. He was a pupil of R. Jonathan ben Eleazar (Pes. 24a) and one of the most famous haggadists of his...
SAMUEL HA-NAḲDAN – Masorite and grammarian of the twelfth century. A grammatical work of his entitled "Deyaḳut" is extant in the Royal Library at Berlin. It deals with various grammatical points and with the accents. According to Steinschneider,...
SAMUEL HA-NASI – Exilarch in Bagdad, probably between 773 and 816. Until recently his existence was known only from a difficult passage in a manuscript, part of which is printed in the "Maẓref la-Ḥokmah." This states that the pious had taken the...
SAMUEL BEN NATHAN – Amora of the early part of the fourth century, He appears mostly as the transmitter of the sayings of Ḥama b. Ḥanina (Shab. 38a. note; Yer. Shab. 5d). On one occasion Ḥama b. Ḥanina transmits a tradition of Samuel concerning his...