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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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SAMUEL BEN NATHAN – Liturgical poet of the fourteenth century; place of birth and residence unknown. He was the author of three prayers, and is sometimes mentioned in manuscripts by the name of Rabanu ( ).Bibliography: Zunz, Literaturgesch. p....
SAMUEL BEN NAṬRONAI – German tosafist of the second half of the twelfth century. He was the pupil and son-in-law of R. Eliezer b. Natan (RABaN), and brother-in-law of R. Joel b. Isaac ha-Levi. He is often cited by his father-in-law in his work "Eben...
SAMUEL PHOEBUS BEN NATHAN FEITEL – Austrian historiographer; lived in Vienna in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. He was the author of "Ṭiṭ ha-Yawen," describing the horrible excesses perpetrated in the Cossacks' Uprising under Bogdan Chmielnicki in the...
SAMUEL BEN REUBEN OF BÉZIERS – French Talmudist; flourished at the beginning of the fourteenth century. He was one of Solomon ben Adret's numerous correspondents during the religious controversy of 1303-6. He addressed a rimed epistle to Adret, in which he...
SAMUEL BEN REUBEN OF CHARTRES – French liturgical poet. He wrote a "reshut" in Aramaic which was recited with the Targum of the hafṭarah for the Feast of Weeks, and which consisted of sixty half-lines riming with . The reshut is signed "Samuel ha-Ketabi."...
SAMUEL, SAMPSON – Solicitor and secretary to the London Board of Deputies; born in 1804; died in London Nov. 10, 1868. He began life on the Stock Exchange, but after some time resigned his membership and entered the legal profession. He became...
SAMUEL, SIR SAUL, Bart. – Australian statesman; born in London, England, Nov. 2, 1820; died there Aug. 29, 1900. In 1832 he emigrated with relatives to New South Wales. He entered Sydney College, and afterward engaged in mining and commercial pursuits....
SAMUEL SCHMELKA BEN ḤAYYIM SHAMMASH – Preacher and actuary of the rabbinate of Prague under Ephraim Solomon of Lencziza in the second half of the sixteenth century. He was the author of the following works: "Perush al ha-Masoret," a supplement to Elijah Levita's...
SAMUEL BEN SHNEOR – See Samuel of Evreux.
SAMUEL BEN SIMEON – French scholar; lived in Provence in the fourteenth century. His Hebrew surname was "Kenesi," incorrectly derived from "keneset" (= "school"), the Hebrew translation of "d'Escola," a name frequently found in southern France. He...
SAMUEL, SIMON – German pathologist; born at Glogau Oct. 5, 1833; died at Königsberg, East Prussia, May 9, 1899. He studied medicine at Berlin and Vienna (M.D. 1855), established himself as a physician in Königsberg in 1856, and became...
SAMUEL BEN SOLOMON OF FALAISE – Tosafist of the twelfth and thirteenth centuries. His French name was Sir Morel, by which he is often designated in rabbinical literature: . He was a pupil of Judah Sir Leon of Paris and of Isaac ben Abraham of Sens. In 1240 he...
SAMUEL BEN SOLOMON NASI OF CARCASSONNE – French scholar of the thirteenth century. He was the author of a commentary on the "Moreh Nebukim," which is still extant in manuscript in the Library of the Neophytes at Rome. Gross identifies Samuel Nasi with Samuel Sekili,...
SAMUEL B. SOLOMON SEKILI – See Samuel ben Solomon Nasi.
SAMUEL, SYDNEY MONTAGU – English author and communal worker; born in London June 21, 1848; died June, 1884; educated at University College, London. For upward of fifteen years Samuel threw himself into communal work with much zeal and earnestness. In...
SAMUEL BEN URI SHRAGA PHOEBUS – Polish rabbi and Talmudist of Woydyslaw in the second half of the seventeenth century. In his early youth he was a pupil of R. Heshel in Cracow, and on the latter's death he continued his studies under R. Heshel's successor, R....
SAMUEL YARḤINA'AH – His Birth. Babylonian amora of the first generation; son of Abba b. Abba; teacher of the Law, judge, physician, and astronomer; born about 165 at Nehardea, in Babylonia; died there about 257. As in the case of many other great...
SAMUEL AND YATES – Names of two families which led the congregation of Liverpool, England, in the early part of the nineteenth century. They trace their descent on the one side to one Ralph Samuel, who was born probably at Strelitz, possibly at...
SAMUEL ẒARFATI – Court physician to the popes Alexander VI. and Julius II.; died about 1519. The name "Ẓarfati" indicates that Samuel was a native of France, and as he was probably from southern France he is called by Burchard "the Spanish...
SAMUELSON, SIR BERNHARD – English merchant and politician; born at Liverpool Nov. 22, 1820; died May 10, 1905. After serving an apprenticeship in a general merchant's office in Liverpool (1835-41), he was placed in charge of the Continental transactions...
SAMUELY, NATHAN – Austrian ghetto poet; born in Stry, Galicia, 1846. At the age of seventeen he published a story in Hebrew entitled "Shewa Shaboses," which he followed by a second, "Sefat Ne'emanim," and two volumes of Hebrew poems, "Kenaf...
SAMUN, JOSEPH ḤAYYIM IBN – Italian Talmudist; lived at Leghorn in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. He was the author of "'Edut bi-Yehosef" (Leghorn, 1800), in two volumes, the first containing novellæ on the Talmudical treatise Baba Meẓi'a, and...
SAN ANTONIO – Largest city in Texas; founded by the Spaniards in 1718. Jews first settled there in 1854, when the cemetery was founded.Samuel and Yates Pedigree. The Reform congregation Beth-El was organized May 31, 1874, although preliminary...
SAN DANIELE DEL FRIULI – Italian town, near Udine. About 1600 two brothers named Luzzatto established themselves here, a descendant of one of whom was Hezekiah, the father of Samuel David Luzzatto. The enactment of 1777 renewed the right of the Jews to...
SAN FRANCISCO – Early Settlers. Principal city of California; chief commercial city of the Pacific coast. The name of San Francisco was given to the village of Yerba Buena by Washington Bartlett, who, through his mother, a Jewess born at...