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STADTHAGEN, JOSEPH – German rabbi, apologist, and author; died at Stadthagen Sept. 5, 1715; son of Samson of Metz, where his grandfather Joseph b. Isaac ha-Levi Ashkenazi (died at Frankfort-on-the-Main in 1628) officiated as rabbi for many years....
STAFF – Herodotus (i. 195) and Strabo (xvi. 746) assert that among the Babylonians every man carried a ring and a staff, which latter was decorated at the upper end with a carved representation of a flower or something similar. It seems...
STAHL, FRIEDRICH JULIUS – German jurist and publicist; born at Munich Jan. 16, 1802; died at Brückenau Aug. 10, 1861. In his eighteenth year he took the examination for the position of teacher at the Munich gymnasium, but was confronted by the usual...
STAHL, WILHELM – German economist; born at Munich June 2, 1812; died at Giessen March 19, 1873. While still very young he lost both parents, and was cared for in the house of a well-known philologist, Döderlein, in Erlangen, after his brother,...
STANDARD – See Flag.
STANISLAVSKI, SIMON JUDAH – Russian author and journalist; born at Nikopol, Yekaterinoslav, Russia, Dec. 18, 1850; son of Moses Stanislavski, a wealthy Lithuanian merchant. Simon was at first destined for a commercial career, but he finally overcame the...
STANS IBN ABITUR, JOSEPH – See Abitur, Joseph ben Isaac ben Stans ibn.
STAR-WORSHIP – Among the Israelites. This is perhaps the oldest form of idolatry practised by the ancients. According to Wisdom xiii. 2, the observation of the stars in the East very early led the people to regard the planets and the fixed...
STAROKONSTANTINOV – City in the government of Volhynia, Russia. Jews seem to have settled in this city soon after it was founded, for during the great uprising of the Cossacks under Chmielnicki (1648-58) it had a considerable Jewish community. In...
STATISTICS – As referring to Jews, statistics deal mainly with populations, their ages and distribution, Migration, Morbidity, Mortality, Occupations, Criminality, Births, and Marriages. Most of these topics have already been treated in...
STATURE – Jews Compared with Non-Jews. Natural height of man. The stature of the Jews is a racial characteristic which has been thoroughly investigated in various countries. Besides numerous anthropological works, many of the...
STATUTES – See Law, Civil.
STAUB, HERMANN – German jurist; born at Nikolai, Upper Silesia, March 21, 1856. After having studied for some time at the gymnasium at Beuthen he attended the universities of Breslau, Berlin, and Leipsic, graduating from the last-named...
STAUBER, DANIEL – See Widal, A.
STEBLICKI (SEBLITZKY), JOSEPH ABRAHAM – German convert to Judaism; son of a Catholic butcher; born at Nikolai, Upper Silesia, about 1726; died there May 16, 1807. He received a good education in Jesuit colleges, and became teacher and later city treasurer in his...
STECKLER, ALFRED – American jurist; born in New York city Dec. 18, 1856. He was educated in the public schools of New York city and at Columbia Law School, graduated in 1877, and was admitted to the bar in the same year. In 1881 he was elected a...
STEIGER – See Music, Synagogal.
STEIN, ABRAHAM – German rabbi; born at Wanfried, Prussia, Jan. 13, 1818; died at Prague Sept. 18, 1884; studied at the Teachers' Seminary of Cassel (1832-34) and at the University of Berlin (Ph. D. 1844). He was principal of the seminary of...
STEIN, LEOPOLD – German rabbi; born in Burgpreppach Nov. 3, 1810; died at Frankfort-on-the-Main Dec. 2, 1882. After finishing his earlier education at Erlangen and Bayreuth, he attended (1830) the University of Würzburg. In 1833 he delivered his...
STEIN, LUDWIG – Hungarian philosopher; born at Erdö-Benye, Hungary, Nov. 12, 1859; educated at the gymnasia of Papa, Saros-Potak, and Zwolle, at the universities of Berlin and Halle (Ph.D. 1880), and at the Jewish Theological Seminary of Berlin...
STEIN, MARC AUREL – Hungarian Orientalist and archeologist; born at Budapest in 1862; educated at Vienna, Tübingen, Oxford, and London. In 1888 he was appointed registrar of the Punjab University at Lahore, and principal of the Oriental College in...
STEIN, PHILIP – American jurist; born at Steele, Rhenish Prussia, March 12, 1844. He emigrated to the United States in 1854, and was educated in the public and the high school of Milwaukee, and at the University of Wisconsin, obtaining the...
STEIN, PHILIPP – German author; born Dec. 3, 1853, at Königsberg. In 1864 his parents removed with him to Berlin. The death of his father there prevented him from continuing his studies, and he became a bookseller. After having worked for some...
STEIN-AM-ANGER – Town in Hungary. Although now one of the largest and most important in the country, the Jewish community of Stein-am-Anger is of comparatively recent origin. In 1567 Emperor Maximilian II. granted to the town the privilege of...
STEINBACH, EMIL – Austrian statesman; born at Vienna June 11, 1846. After graduating from the Vienna University (LL.D.) he established himself as a lawyer, becoming soon afterward attachedto the Ministry of Commerce. From February, 1891, to...