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JARE ( = "God-fearing"; by some it is regarded as the abbreviation of the words "Yehi reẓui eḥaw" [Deut. xxxiii. 24]):

Name of an ancient Italian family of scholars dating back to the fifteenth century.

Giuseppe Jaré:

Italian rabbi; born at Mantua, Dec., 1840. He was educated at the Istituto Rabbinico of Padua, being one of the last pupils of S. D. Luzzatto. In 1868 he received his rabbi's diploma, and at the same time a professor's diploma from the university. He officiated as rabbi in his native city, and in 1880 went in the same capacity to Ferrara. A specialist in Jewish literature, he has collaborated on the works of prominent scholars. His independent works include: "Della Immutabilità della Legge Mosaica" (Leghorn, 1876); "Cenni su Abramo Colòrni" (Ferrara, 1891).

S. I. E.Isaac Jare:

Rabbi at Ivrea. Another Isaac Jare was rabbi at Mantua about 1720.

Mordecai b. Berechiah Reuben Jare:

Italian preacher; lived at Mantua toward the end of the sixteenth century. His father died at Mantua in 1598. Mordecai compiled for the Shomerim la-Boḳer society the collection of liturgical poems known under the title "Ayyelet ha-Shaḥar," including chiefly "tefillot," "baḳḳashot," "seliḥot," and "pizmonim," printed first at Mantua in 1612 in the newly established printing-office of Eliezer d'Italia. Jare included many poems by his contemporary HananiahEliakim Rieti. The collection contains also the following compositions by Mordecai: (1) "Leka Eli Teshuḳati," baḳḳashah for the Sabbath, in verse, a clever imitation of an anonymous baḳḳashah in the Spanish ritual (printed also in M. Sachs's "Religiöse Poesie," Hebrew part, p. 44; D. Kohn, "Abraham ibn Esra," i. 204). Both poems are closely connected with Gabirol's "Leka Nafshi Tesapper." (2) "Ehyeh Asher Ehyeh," seliḥah for days on which no "taḥanun" is recited, consisting of eleven strophes, each of which, except the last, begins with a name of God. It was written at the request of Isaac Galico.

Mordecai wrote also an approbation for Joseph Jedidiah Karmi's "Kenaf Renanim" (Venice, 1626).

Bibliography:
  • Steinschneider, Cat. Bodl. col. 1666;
  • idem, Hebr. Bibl. vii. 23;
  • Zunz, Literaturgesch. p. 424.
G. H. B.

Pethahiah Jare, of Spoleto, received from his teacher in Arabic a work entitled "Ḳonṭros 'Ereẓ ha-Ẓebi," which his son, the physician Moses Jare, showed to Azariah dei Rossi at Ferrara.

Reuben Jare:

Father of Mordecai Jare; teacher and rabbi at Mantua about 1598.

Bibliography:
  • Zunz, Literaturgesch. p. 424;
  • idem, in Kerem Ḥemed, v. 158;
  • Steinschneider, Cat. Bodl. No. 6233;
  • R. E. J. v. 111;
  • Fürst, Bibl. Jud. ii. 28.
D. M. K.
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